What Is Transcription
MEANING AND DEFINITIONS
What is transcription? There are three common uses and meanings for transcription. These involve genetic transcription, academic transcription, and audio, video or speech transcription.
WHAT IS TRANSCRIPTION – GENETIC TRANSCRIPTION
First is a genetic term, when asked what is transcription in medical circles.
Both RNA and DNA are nucleic acids, which use base pairs of nucleotides as a complementary language. The two can be converted back and forth from DNA to RNA by the action of the correct enzymes. During genetic transcription, a DNA sequence is read by an RNA polymerase, which produces a complementary, antiparallel RNA strand called a primary transcript.
In genetic transcription, a portion of the double-stranded DNA template gives rise to a single-stranded RNA molecule. In some cases, the RNA molecule itself is a “finished product” that serves some important function within the cell. However, genetic transcription of an RNA molecule is often followed by a translation step, which ultimately results in the production of a protein molecule.
WHAT IS TRANSCRIPTION – ACADEMIC TRANSCRIPT
Then there’s the academic meaning of what is transcription in student circles.
An academic transcript is a copy of a student’s permanent academic record, which usually means all courses taken, all grades received, all honors received and degrees conferred to a student from the first day of school to the current school year.
An academic transcript may also contain the number of people in a class, and the average grade of the class. An official academic transcript is prepared and sent by an issuing school by the Student Registrar with an original signature of a school official on the school letterhead and sealed by the school.
When students change schools, the cumulative transcripts get mailed from school to school. Transcripts usually consist of grades 9-12 when applying to colleges.
WHAT IS TRANSCRIPTION – SPEECH TRANSCRIPTION
And then there is the use of the term for audio, video or speech to text transcribing, alternatively speech transcription when asked what is transcription in business circles.
For us, in its simplest form, speech transcription involves audio transcribing or video transcribing what you say. Or seeing what someone else says. Or seeing what a whole group of people have said.
Transcription is also the transformation of recorded speech into a text format. There are various specialty fields in audio transcription, with medical and legal being the most recognised. By definition, medical transcription (or MT) is an allied health profession which deals in the process of speech transcription or converting voice-recorded reports as dictated by physicians or other healthcare professionals, into text format. But while some speech transcription is specialized, others are not – a business meeting might be transcribed, or a story, or a conference, or an interview, or a disciplinary hearing, or a YouTube video to be edited. So for this definition of transcription, recordings can be transcribed into text format.