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What Is Transcription

MEANING AND DEFINITIONS

What is transcription? There are three common uses and meanings for transcription. These involve genetic transcription,​ academic transcription,​ and audio,​ video or speech transcription.

WHAT IS TRANSCRIPTION – GENETIC TRANSCRIPTION

First is a genetic term,​ when asked what is transcription in medical circles.

This term is the first step of gene expression,​ in which a particular segment of DNA is copied into RNA (mRNA) by the enzyme RNA polymerase.

Both RNA and DNA are nucleic acids,​ which use base pairs of nucleotides as a complementary language. The two can be converted back and forth from DNA to RNA by the action of the correct enzymes. During genetic transcription,​ a DNA sequence is read by an RNA polymerase,​ which produces a complementary,​ antiparallel RNA strand called a primary transcript.

In genetic transcription,​ a portion of the double-stranded DNA template gives rise to a single-stranded RNA molecule. In some cases,​ the RNA molecule itself is a “finished product” that serves some important function within the cell. However,​ genetic transcription of an RNA molecule is often followed by a translation step,​ which ultimately results in the production of a protein molecule.

WHAT IS TRANSCRIPTION – ACADEMIC TRANSCRIPT

Then there’s the academic meaning of what is transcription in student circles.

An academic transcript is a copy of a student’s permanent academic record,​ which usually means all courses taken,​ all grades received,​ all honors received and degrees conferred to a student from the first day of school to the current school year.

An academic transcript may also contain the number of people in a class,​ and the average grade of the class. An official academic transcript is prepared and sent by an issuing school by the Student Registrar with an original signature of a school official on the school letterhead and sealed by the school.

When students change schools,​ the cumulative transcripts get mailed from school to school. Transcripts usually consist of grades 9-12 when applying to colleges.

WHAT IS TRANSCRIPTION – SPEECH TRANSCRIPTION

And then there is the use of the term for audio,​ video or speech to text transcribing,​ alternatively speech transcription when asked what is transcription in business circles.

For us,​ in its simplest form,​ speech transcription involves audio transcribing or video transcribing what you say. Or seeing what someone else says. Or seeing what a whole group of people have said.

Transcription is also the transformation of recorded speech into a text format. There are various specialty fields in audio transcription,​ with medical and legal being the most recognised. By definition,​ medical transcription (or MT) is an allied health profession which deals in the process of speech transcription or converting voice-recorded reports as dictated by physicians or other healthcare professionals,​ into text format. But while some speech transcription is specialized,​ others are not – a business meeting might be transcribed,​ or a story,​ or a conference,​ or an interview,​ or a disciplinary hearing,​ or a YouTube video to be edited. So for this definition of transcription,​ recordings can be transcribed into text format.

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